The Vought F4U Corsair was a high performance fighter aircraft, either carrier or land based. The main goal was to destroy enemy aircraft, and it was equipped with bomb and rocket launchers. The inverted gull appearance of the low-wing monoplane, which had a long fuselage ahead of the cockpit, was well-known. The XF4U-1 made its first flight in May 1940. The F4U-1 design and concept were well along when the United States entered World War II. Goodyear and Brewster were also given contracts to build Corsairs, with the designations FG-1 and F3A-1, respectively, to speed up production.
At the beginning, Corsairs had difficulty landing on aircraft carriers but the U.S. Marines and U.S. Navy shore-based squadrons utilized the aircraft. The Corsairs were first utilized by carriers in early1944, thanks to advancements in design and radar. The aircraft were also adopted by the Royal Navy and the Royal New Zealand Air Force. With improved engine improvements and increased altitude, the Corsair became one of the most notable World War II aircraft.
The Corsairs were brought back to the forefront during the Korean War because they could operate in frigid weather and move at night. Ensign Jesse L. Brown was shot down over Chosin while on a Corsair mission. Lieutenant Junior Grade Thomas J. Hudner, who later awarded the Medal of Honor for his conduct, made a heroic attempt to save Brown's life. The aircraft were removed from operational squadrons after the war, but they continued to serve as support aircraft for the next few years.